The occurence of the name Wal(e)wein in Flanders and Northwestern France around 1100 has been interpreted as an argument in support of a pre-Galfridian Arthurian tradition in the Low Countries. In this article it is argued, however, that the personal name Walewein (English Gawain, and variants) is not genetically related to the Welsch Gwalchmai. This raises the question as to where and how both names became equated for the first time. According to the author, the name Walewein was brought to Pembrokeshire (the Southwest of Wales, with a sizeable Flemish settlement since 1108) by Flemings. This means that the baptismal name Walewein was given to Flemish and Northern-French persons prior to the equation of the two names. As a result, no pre-Galfridian knowledge of the 'Matter of Britain' in the Low Countries is needed to explain these 'Waleweins'. The name Walewein may well have been a Flemish contribution to the Arthurian tradition.To illustrate the economic and cultural exchange between the Low Countries and Wales, the author also uses information from the 'Dublin Roll of Names'.
< Terug naar overzicht