For his account of the fall of Troy Jacob van Maerlant preferred Virgil to Dares Phrygius as his source. This is remarkable because Dares' De excidio Troiae Historia was widely regarded in the Middle Ages as the most reliable source on the Trojan War, and Maerlant insisted that he wanted to tell whole truth. This contradiction can be solved by positing that Maerlant did not have direct knowledge of Dares' Historia, but that he only knew it by way of his immediate source: Benoît de Sainte-Maure's Roman de Troie. In that case Maerlant could have assumed that Benoît deviated from Dares. However, it can be shown with a fair amount of certainty that Maerlant did have knowledge of Dares' View on the fall of Troy. The presence of the figure Vulcoen, whose name only has been found in a manuscript of Dares' Historia and in a direct Latin adaptation of this work, clearly points in this direction. This would mean then, that Maerlant knew very well that he was not telling the truth about the fall of Troy and that he was, therefore, presenting Virgil's lies as truth. This insights opens new perspectives for the study of Maerlant's view on the history of Troy.
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