This article pays attention to three medical tracts on the subjects of phlebotomy (blood letting) and haematoscopy (blood diagnosis) preserved in a fifteenth-century Middle Dutch codex: Vienna, ÖNB, 2818. The first part of the article provides a brief outline of the medico-historical background of these tracts by adresssing questions such: What is the place of blood in medieval medical theories? What does the actual practice of blood letting and blood daignosis entail? Who performed this kind of medival treatment in medieval society? The second part of the article presents an edition of the tracts, preceded by a brief description of the manuscript and the place of the three tracts in this codex.
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